Bibliothèque sur marxists.org

tracing the development of ideas on the relation between consciousness and matter through the words of 140 philosophers over 400 years:— Overview

• French Materialism & Communism, Marx, 1845
• The Task of the Historian of Philosophy, Hegel, 1830
• History of Philosophy, Hegel 1806

From Galileo to Feuerbach
Classical Epistemology

• Considerations on the Copernican Opinion, Galilei Galileo, 1615
• A Natural History for the Building of Philosophy, Francis Bacon, 1607
• Discourse on Method, Rene Descartes, 1637
• Leviathan and De Cive, Thomas Hobbes, 1650
• Ethics, Benedicto Spinoza, 1677
• On the Nature of Human Understanding, John Locke, 1689
• Of the Principles of Human Knowledge, Bishop George Berkeley, 1710
• Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy, Isaac Newton, 1712
• Monadology, Gottfried Leibnitz, 1714
• Utility and Value, Adam Smith, 1759
• Spirit of Laws, Charles de Montesquieu, 1752
• Emile & Origin of Inequality, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, 1762
• Conversation between D’Alembert and Diderot, Denis Diderot, 1769
• Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding, David Hume, 1772
• Age of Reason, Thomas Paine, 1794
• Letters from an Inhabitant of Geneva, Claude-Henri Saint-Simon, 1803
» Classical German Philosophy «
• Critique of Pure Reason, Immanuel Kant, 1787
• Of the Changes in the Tastes of the Nations Through the Ages, Johann Herder, 1766
• God, Some conversations, Johann Herder, 1787
• Goethe on Science, excerpts, c. 1798
• Outlines of the Doctrine of Knowledge, Johann Fichte, 1810
• Foundations of Natural Right, Johann Fichte, 1796
• System of Transcendental Philosophy, Friedrich Schelling, 1800
• Wilhelm von Humboldt on Language, excerpts, c. 1810
• On the Critical Philosophy, G W F Hegel, 1830
• Philosophy of the Act, Moses Hess, 1843
• Principles of the Philosophy of the Future, Ludwig Feuerbach, 1843

Marx & Engels
Preface to Critique of Political Economy

• Engels on Hegel and Schelling, 1841
• Critique of Hegel’s Dialectic and General Philosophy, Karl Marx, 1844
• Private Property & Communism, Marx, 1844
• Estranged Labour, Marx, 1844
• The German Ideology, Marx and Engels, 1845
• Theses on Feuerbach, Karl Marx, 1845
• Preface to Contribution to Critique of Political Economy, Karl Marx, 1859
• Commodities: Use Value & Value, Karl Marx, 1867
• Commodities: The Two-fold Character of Labour, Karl Marx, 1867
• The Fetishism of Commodities, Karl Marx, 1867
• Socialism, Utopian & Scientific, Part III, Frederick Engels, 1877
• Ludwig Feuerbach, the End of Classical German Philosophy, Engels, 1888

After the Expurgation of Hegelianism
1841 – The World Historic Split in Western Philosophy

• Schelling’s Criticism of Hegel, 1841
• The Concept of Dread, Søren Kierkegaard, 1844
• The World as Will and Representation, Arthur Schopenhauer, 1844
• God & the State, Mikhail Bakunin, 1872
• A General View of Positivism, Auguste Comte, 1856
• A System of Logic, John Stuart Mill, 1843
• Utilitarianism, John Stuart Mill, 1863
• Reasons for Dissenting from M. Comte, Herbert Spencer, 1864
• Notes on positivism, Auguste Blanqui, 1869

Perception under the Microscope

• The Challenge of every Great Philosophy, Friedrich Nietzsche, 1874
• Concept and Purpose of Psychology, Franz Brentano, 1874
• Facts of Perception, Hermann Helmholtz, 1878
• How to Make our Ideas Clear, Charles Peirce, 1878
• Outline of Psychology, Wilhelm Wundt, 1897
• Analysis of Sensations, Ernst Mach, 1886
• The Relativity of Space, Henri Poincaré, 1900
• What Pragmatism Means, William James, 1906

Sociology before the Russian Revolution

• Introduction to the Human Sciences, Wilhelm Dilthey, 1883
• Sociology & Science, Max Weber, 1897
• Lectures in General Linguistics, Ferdinand de Saussure, 1910
• Pragmatism & Sociology, Emile Durkheim, 1914
• Mind & Society, Vilfredo Pareto, 1916

From Freud, Pavlov & Einstein to Fascism & War
Psychology & Phenomenology

• Psychology as the Behaviorist Views it, J B Watson, 1913
• The Work of the Cerebral Hemispheres, I P Pavlov, 1924
• “Weltanschauung”, Sigmund Freud, 1932
• The Philosopher’s Search for the Immutable, John Dewey, 1929
• Mind & Body, Alfred Adler, 1931
• Principles of Gestalt Psychology, Kurt Koffka, 1932
• Basic Postulates of Analytical Psychology, Carl Jung, 1933
• The Objectivity of Perspectives, George Herbert Mead, 1932
• The Crisis in Psychology, Lev Vygotsky, 1927
• Lectures on Philosophy, Ludwig Wittgenstein, 1933
• The Crisis of European Sciences, Edmund Husserl, 1937
• Multiple Realities, Alfred Schuetz, 1945
• The Basic Problems of Phenomenonology, Martin Heidegger, 1927
• On My Philosophy, Karl Jaspers, 1941
• The Social Function of Philosophy, Max Horkheimer, 1939
• The Structure of Behaviour, Maurice Merleau-Ponty, 1942
• Existentialism is a Humanism, Jean-Paul Sartre, 1946

Foundations of Mathematics

• Philosophical Importance of Mathematical Logic, Bertrand Russell, 1911
• Pure Induction, John Maynard Keynes, 1920
• Foundations of Mathematics, David Hilbert, 1927
• Lectures on Intuitionism, L E J Brouwer, 1951
• Hegel and Mathematics, Ernst Kolman, 1931
• Foundations of Mathematics in the light of Philosophy, Kurt Gödel, 1961
• Computing Machinery & Intelligence, Alan Turing, 1950

Epistemology & Modern Physics

• Epistemology & Modern Physics, Moritz Schlick, 1925
• The Logic of Modern Physics, Percy Bridgman, 1927
• Discussions with Einstein on Epistemology and Physics, Niels Bohr, 1949
• Reply to Criticism, Albert Einstein, 1949
• Physics and Philosophy, Werner Heisenberg, 1958
• The Philosophical Foundations of Physics, Rudolph Carnap, 1966
• Empiricism without the Dogmas, Willard Quine, 1951
• Philosophy & Methodology of Present-day Science, Shoichi Sakata, 1968

Marxist Orthodoxy

• The Dialectic, Karl Kautsky, 1927
• The Materialist Conception of History, G V Plekhanov, 1897
• Stagnation & Progress of Marxism, Rosa Luxemburg, 1903
• The “Thing-in-Itself” and Dialectical Materialism, V I Lenin, 1908
• The Recent Revolution in Natural Science, V I Lenin, 1908
• Summary of Dialectics, V I Lenin, 1915
• The ABC of Communism, Bukharin & Preobrazhensky, 1919
• On the Significance of Militant Materialism, Lenin 1922
• What is Proletarian Culture?, Leon Trotsky, 1923
• History & Class Consciousness, Georg Lukacs, 1923
• Marxism & Philosophy, Karl Korsch, 1923
• Dialectical and Historical Materialism, Joseph Stalin, 1938
• On Practice, Mao Tse Tung, 1937
• Dialectical Materialism, Alexander Spirkin, 1980

The Modern World
Cognition & Psychology

• What is a Sign?, Charles Sanders Peirce, 1894
• Thought and Language, Lev Vygotsky, 1934
• Logic & Existence, Jean Hyppolite, 1952
• The Virtue of Scientific Humility, Konrad Lorenz, 1963
• The Politics of Experience, R. D. Laing, 1967
• Genetic Epistemology, Jean Piaget, 1968
• Language & Mind, Noam Chomsky, 1968
• The Origins of Cognitive Thought, B F Skinner, 1989

Social Theory
Structuralism

• Structure of Social Action, Talcott Parsons, 1937
• Lectures on Sound & Meaning, Roman Jakobson, 1942
• The Culture Industry, Theodor Adorno & Max Horkheimer, 1944
• The Methodology of Positive Economics, Milton Friedman, 1953
• Structural Anthropology, Claude Lévi-Strauss, 1958
• Dialectic and History, Claude Lévi-Strauss, 1962
• Contradiction & Overdetermination, Louis Althusser, 1962
• Structuration Theory, Empirical Research and Social Critique, Anthony Giddens, 1984
• The End of History, Francis Fukuyama, 1992

Science & Society

• The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, Thomas Kuhn, 1962
• Objective Knowledge, Karl Popper, 1966
• The Ethic of Knowledge and the Socialist Ideal, Jacques Monod, 1970
• Against Method, Paul Feyerabend, 1975
• Gaia: A new look at life on Earth, James Lovelock, 1975
• Overcoming Epistemology, Charles Taylor, 1995

“Western” Marxism

• Work of Art in Age of Mechanical Reproduction, Walter Benjamin, 1936
• Reason and Revolution, Herbert Marcuse, 1941
• Character and the Social Process, Eric Fromm, 1942
• The Search for Method, Jean-Paul Sartre, 1960
• The Dogmatic Dialectic & the Critical Dialectic, Jean-Paul Sartre, 1960
• One Dimensional Man, Herbert Marcuse, 1964
• Lenin in England, Mario Tronti, 1964
• Preface to History & Class Consciousness, Georg Lukacs, 1967
• Long View of History, George Novack, 1956-68
• The Theory of Knowledge as Social Theory, Jürgen Habermas, 1968
• Marx’s Theory of Alienation, Istvan Meszaros, 1970

Liberation Epistemology

• The Phenomenological Method in Hegel, Alexandre Kojève, 1934
• The Negro Question, C L R James, 1948
• The Second Sex, Simone de Beauvoir, 1949
• The Myth of Women’s Inferiority, Evelyn Reed, 1954
• National Culture & Fight for Freedom, Frantz Fanon, 1959
• The Feminine Mystique, Betty Friedan, 1963
• Women: The Longest Revolution, Juliet Mitchell, 1966
• Sexual Politics, Kate Millett, 1969
• The Dialectic of Sex, Shulamith Firestone, 1971
• Women: Caste, Class or Oppressed Sex, Evelyn Reed, 1970
• The Archæology of Knowledge, Michel Foucault, 1969
• Man Made Language, Dale Spender, 1980
• Gender & History, Linda Nicholson, 1986
• Transformations, Drucilla Cornell, 1991
• (Untimely) Critiques for a Red Feminism, Teresa Ebert, 1995
• Patriarchy Gets Funky, Naomi Klein, 2001
• Needs Talk, Nancy Fraser, 1989
• Feminism and Postmodernism: An Uneasy Alliance, Seyla Benhabib, 1995

Literary Criticism
Post-structuralism

• Elements of Semiology, Roland Barthes, 1964
• Of Grammatology, Jacques Derrida, 1967
• Society of the Spectacle, Guy Debord, 1967
• The Postmodern Condition, Jean-François Lyotard, 1979
• Consequences of Pragmatism, Richard Rorty, 1982
• The Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism, Fredric Jameson, 1991

Recent Marxism

• Essays from the History of Dialectics, Evald Ilyenkov, 1960
• A Materialist Critique of Objective Idealism, Evald Ilyenkov, 1960
• Freedom and Fetishism, Marshall Berman, 1963
• Marxian Naturalism, Z A Jordan, 1967
• Hegel’s Theory of the Modern State, Shlomo Avineri, 1972
• Philosophy & Revolution (Lenin), Raya Dunayevskaya, 1973
• Philosophy & Revolution (Sartre), Raya Dunayevskaya, 1973
• Philosophy & Revolution (“New Forces”), Raya Dunayevskaya, 1973
• The Riddle of the Self, Feliks Mikhailov, 1976
• The Metaphysics of Positivism, Evald Ilyenkov, 1979
• Subject Object Cognition, V A Lektorsky, 1980
• Marxist Theory & Class Consciousness, Cliff Slaughter, 1975
• Classes and Classifications, Pierre Bourdieu, 1979
• Marx’s Critique of Classical Political Economy, Geoff Pilling, 1980
• The Violence of Abstraction, Derek Sayer, 1987
• Logic of Capital, Tony Smith, 1990
• Logic: Dialectic and contradiction, Lawrence Wilde, 1991
• Marx’s Grundrisse & Hegel’s Logic, Hiroshi Uchida, 1988
• Science and Humanity – Hegel, Marx and Dialectic, Cyril Smith, 1994
• How the “Marxists” Buried Marx, Cyril Smith, 1995
• Minimum Utopia: Ten Theses, Norman Geras, 2000
• The Informatisation of Production, Michael Hardt & Antonio Negri, 2000
• On Belief: The Leninist Freedom, Slavoj Zizek, 2001
• Repeating Lenin, Slavoj Zizek, 2001
• Postmodernism & the ‘Death of the Subject’, James Heartfield, 2003

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